To test how inter-individual variation in response to resource availability might expose mechanisms leading to inter-population variation across a species of geographic range, we investigated movement patterns and use of space by 18 radio-collared raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus) in a mixed landscape of agriculture and forestry which is widely distributed in Japan, and a typical habitat for raccoon dogs. We tested the idea that the behavior of raccoon dogs, as ecological generalists, is sufficiently plastic for individual movement patterns to match habitat variation in this landscape. Home ranges averaged 111 ha (95% kernel estimate), much larger than previously reported for the species in Japan, and varied greatly among individuals (23 - 228 ha). Home ranges were 62.5% larger in autumn than in other seasons, and 33.5% larger for subadults than for adults. Average movement rate tended to be higher in autumn (mean rate = 297 m h-1), and lowest in winter (mean rate = 204 m h-1). Within the population, some individuals occupied home ranges that were predominantly semi-natural (we refer to these animals as "mountain type"), whereas those of others were dominated by heavily managed habitats (these we term "village type"). Within their home ranges, the types showed preferences for the habitats which were most prevalent there. Mountain-type individuals showed a preference for herbaceous habitat and an avoidance of coniferous plantation, whereas within their home ranges, the village-types used cropland disproportionately. Activity, as measured by the proportion of fixes designated active, tended to be lower in home ranges where crop was predominant, suggesting a functional response to habitat availability. The fractal dimension of movement trails was more complex in semi-natural areas than in agricultural land, possibly reflecting greater spatial regularity of agricultural habitat.